Diabetes is a health condition in which the blood glucose or sugar levels are maintained at levels higher than the normal levels. Glucose, the energy source enters your body through the food that you eat and is broken down by Insulin, a hormone to give energy to your cells.
- In case of Type 1 Diabetes, body produces little/no insulin.
- In case of type 2 diabetes, which is a more commonly found condition, the body does not make or use of insulin completely as a result, glucose stays in your blood.
- Gestational diabetes is a special case of diabetes which occurs in some women in later stages of pregnancy which often disappears after child birth.
This excess of glucose levels in the blood can cause serious damage to eyes, kidneys, nerves and also heart disease.
Types of Diabetes
Type 1 Diabetes
Type 1 Diabetes is an autoimmune disease where the immune system of the body which fights infection turns against a part of the body. In Type 1 diabetes, the immune system of the body attacks pancreas as result it produces little or no insulin. This is the reason why a person with this type of diabetes has to take insulin shots daily to live. Type 1 diabetes is often seen in children and young adults but can appear at any age.
Symptoms for Type 1 diabetes may include increased thirst and urination, constant hunger, weight loss, blurred vision, and extreme fatigue. If the condition is not treated with insulin, the patient can lapse into a life-threatening diabetic coma, also known as diabetic ketoacidosis.
In most cases, the symptoms are visible years after the damage to the pancreas has begun.
Type 2 Diabetes
This type of Diabetes is most commonly seen form of diabetes. About 90-95 percent of people suffering from diabetes have type 2 diabetes. It is often associated with older age, obesity, family history of diabetes, previous history of gestational diabetes, physical inactivity and certain ethnicities. About 80 percent of people with type 2 diabetes are overweight or obese.
In this condition, the insulin produced by the pancreas is not being used by the body to produce energy using glucose as a result a high volume of glucose gets accumulated in the blood.
This type of diabetes may include symptoms like fatigue, frequent urination, increased thirst and hunger, weight loss, blurred vision, and slow healing of wounds or sores. In some cases people can’t find any symptoms. Gestational Diabetes
This type of diabetes is seen in some women in later stages of pregnancy. Gestational diabetes is caused by the hormones of pregnancy or a shortage of insulin. It usually disappears after the child birth however in some cases; it develops into type 2 diabetes within 5-10 years. Maintaining reasonable levels of physical activity and body weight can help prevent the development of type 2 diabetes.
Women with gestational diabetes may not show any symptoms.
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